Aug 15, in Ajaccio, Corsica, France Died: May 5, at age 51 in Longwood, Saint Helena Nationality: Emperor of France from to Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to power during the last stages of French Revolution and its wars in Europe.
These two entities, in the telling and re-telling of the Eroica story, have become inseparable and it is only recently that the extent and significance of this association has been scrutinized. Our knowledge of the Bonaparte connection originates from Ferdinand Ries, friend and student of Beethoven.
In Beethoven composed his third symphony now known as the Sinfonia Eroica in Heiligenstadt, a village about one and a half hours from Vienna In writing this symphony Beethoven had been thinking of Buonaparte, but Buonaparte while he was First Consul.
At that time Beethoven had the highest esteem for him and compared him to the greatest consuls of ancient Rome. Whether or how the intervening gap was to be filled out I do not know.
I was the first to tell him the news that Buonaparte had declared himself Emperor, whereupon he broke into a rage and exclaimed, "So he is no more than a common mortal! Now, he too will tread under foot all the rights of man, indulge only his ambition; now he will think himself superior to all men, become a tyrant!
The page was later re-copied and it was only now that the symphony received the title 'Sinfonia Eroica. Ries, This account has been a staple of Beethoven lore for more than a century.
Whether or not the events transpired precisely as Ries relates we shall never know.
What can be gleaned from this anecdote is that Beethoven did, at one time, intend to dedicate his 'Grand Sinfonie' to Napoleon.
That he tore up the title page upon hearing bad news and ever after hated Napoleon and all things French, is a bit simplistic.
Where did Beethoven come upon the notion of a Bonaparte symphony? Ferdinand Ries, anonymous In the past, one need not search for the impetus for it was provided by Anton Schindler, occasional friend and personal secretary of Beethoven in his later years.
Schindler, in his biography of Beethoven, states His salon was frequented by distinguished persons of all ranks among whom was Beethoven, who had already expressed great admiration for the First Consul of the Republic.
The suggestion was made by the General that Beethoven should honor the greatest hero of the age in a musical composition. The idea soon became a reality which the master, having battled with his political scruples, gave to the world under the title Sinfonia Eroica.
The first idea for the symphony is said to have gone out from General Bernadotte, the French Ambassador in Vienna, who esteemed Beethoven very highly. This I heard from several of Beethoven's friends.
Schindler goes on to say of the rending of the title page The fair copy of the score with the dedication to the First Consul of the French Republic, which consisted of the two words Napaleon Bonaparte, was ready to be given to General Bernadotte for transmission to Paris, when the news was received in Vienna that Napaleon had proclaimed himself Emperor of the French.
The news reached the composer through Prince Lichnowsky and Ferdinand Ries. No sooner had he heard the news than he seized the score, tore off the title page and threw it on the floor.Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to power during the last stages of French Revolution and its wars in Europe.
Napoleon I: Napoleon I, French general, first consul (–), and emperor had already begun. A reader of Voltaire and of Rousseau, Napoleon believed that a political change was imperative, but, as a career officer, Biography of Napoleon Bonaparte; Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Napoleon Bonaparte;.
History for Kids: The Illustrated Life of Napoleon Bonaparte - Kindle edition by Charles River Editors. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading History for Kids: The Illustrated Life of Napoleon Bonaparte.
The Marquis de Lafayette was a French general who played important roles in two revolutions in France and volunteered his time and money to help the American cause .
Sep 10, · Napoleon Bonaparte French military leader Napoléon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution a. Napoléon Bonaparte (French: Napoleon's political and cultural legacy has endured as one of the most celebrated and controversial leaders in human history.
He was born Napoleone di Buonaparte Paul Barras, a leader of the Thermidorian Reaction.