Sandra Bendlova Student Number:
The current study examined the relationship between sexual content in music lyrics and music videos and the sexual behaviors of Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic emerging adults from a cultivation framework by assessing male and female college students.
It was hypothesized that there would be a negative association between sexual content in music and sexual behaviors and that the cultivation framework could be used to partially explain these findings.
A series of repeated measures analysis of variances were conducted to assess the extent to which the cultivation framework can explain the risky sexual behaviors of participants. Citation Authors Wright, C. Examining the Cultivation Theory. Her research centers around media broadly defined and technological influences on developmental processes and behavior.
Her work has been presented at numerous psychological conferences and has been published in such journals as the Journal of Family Issues, Marriage and Family Review, and The Howard Journal of Communications.
Michelle Craske recently completed her B. Introduction With the advances in technology, music is available for listening enjoyment to anyone at any time. Additionally, their concern may have specific cultural implications as the level of sexual content in music varies based on genre Chen et al.
While numerous studies have examined risky sexual behaviors using the cultivation framework to explain their findings and conclusions, few have specifically examined the cultivation theory itself.
Additionally, while previous research has examined the risky sexual behaviors of emerging adults and the consequences of engaging in such activity, few have examined the relationship between sexual content in music and risky sexual behaviors. The current study is unique in that it examines the association between sexual content in music lyrics and videos and risky sexual behaviors among emerging adults as well as the cultivation frameworks ability to explain such behaviors, taking into consideration the race and ethnicity of participants.
Theoretical Perspective The current study is grounded in the cultivation theory, which specifically looks at how the media influences perception of reality and states that the more a person is exposed to the media, the more a person begins to believe that what they are exposed to is normal or real Gerbner et al.
Risky Sexual Behaviors Risky sexual behaviors can have serious consequences that include, but are not limited to, unwanted and teenage pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections STIand HIV infection.
Negative outcomes for both adolescent mother and child have been well documented. Adolescent mothers are more likely to be impoverished and to have diminished social and psychological support.
Their children are more likely to be born prematurely, to have birth complications, and to die during the first year of life. Furthermore, African American and Hispanic youth are at an increased risk for contracting a STI compared to their Caucasian counterparts Pflieger et al.
Recent estimates suggest that more than 1. Music Content Sexual references are common in music and these references may influence the behaviors of listeners. Additionally, Zhang et al.
Sexual references occur in music lyrics as well. Lyrics often contain explicit sexual messages and women in music videos are often objectified by being scantily dressed and dancing suggestively and provocatively Wallis, Cougar Hall et al.
Previous Research Several studies have been conducted on the subject of music influence and risky sexual behaviors. Previous research has examined music with and without a video stimulus, tone, genre, and lyrical content.
Even though the majority of previous research is founded on the cultivation framework, there are still conflicting reports concerning the potential influence of music on listeners and fans. Previous research has found that listening to sexually explicit lyrics is associated with a greater likelihood of initiating intercourse during adolescence Zhang, et al.
This is important to cogitate considering that risky sexual behaviors have been significantly associated with rap music in comparison to other music genres Chen et al.
Beneficial Implications Astronomically high health data statistics suggests that there is a need for re-evaluation of music industry guidelines. Parental advisory warning labels are no longer valid in the digital age.
A label on a cd cover is obsolete when the music is listened to on the internet. New measures are also necessary for music videos. The highly sexualized videos fuel aggressive behaviors and permissive sexual attitudes and risky sexual behaviors for both genders.SELF -ESTEEM IN THE HANDS OF SOCIETY An analysis of the main societal factors that influence our self- Body image is the perception of yourself in the mirror or when more outgoing and positive in affect, leadingto more positive self -evaluations —in other words, higher self-esteem.
Literature Review “The perception of the ideal female body presented in the media has a negative effect on an adolescent female’s physical wellbeing.” ` The media is the means of television, newspapers, magazines and movies. 43 and the future research that can be performed.
For reference, the term children and adolescents will refer to the age group of year olds. Recently, women have begun to see changes in their role in society.
Although girls and women are starting to receive messages about being strong, independent women, too often they are also still receiving messages indicating women should be fragile and domestic. the beauty industry’s influence on women 5 increase attractiveness and to obtain accompanying social benefits,” and how they are related to assessments about attractiveness (Bloch & Richins, , p.
4). This relationship does not appear to be mediated by adolescents' perceptions that they will gain friends' respect by having intercourse. First, because the data on adolescents' attitudes and behaviors were self-reported, they may be biased by the influence of social desirability.
peer and other antecedents, Youth and Society, , 29(3.