See Article History Alternative Titles: Its capital, Quebec city, is the oldest city in Canada. Lawrence River and the pastoral Orleans Island.
The western boundary is Easter Island. Polynesia means "many islands" in Greek. The cultures of the region share many traits with each other.
Their differences are often subtle and not readily perceived by outsiders.
Tahiti, a typical high island, is relatively large with steep slopes, rich plant life, and many waterfalls and rushing streams. Coastal plains are absent or extremely limited on high islands. Atolls ring-shaped islands made of coral are the most common low islands in Polynesia.
These are typically "desert islands" that are low-lying, narrow, and sandy with few, if any, surface streams. Low islands have less biodiversity variety of plant and animal species than do high islands. At the time of the first known European contact with the Polynesian world in the s, there were probably around half a million people scattered throughout the region.
The indigenous native populations suffered greatly at the hands of the Europeans. They lost their traditional lands and resources, and suffered discrimination against their cultures and languages.
Polynesian languages form a subgroup of this extensive language family. Many Polynesian languages face an uncertain future. Attempts have been made to revitalize the Hawaiian language through educational programs at the university and the elementary school levels.
Tahitian has been used as a lingua franca common language throughout the Tuamotuan Islands, the Marquesas, the Gambiers, and the Austral Islands since before European contact. It is threatening the survival of the native languages of those islands. In New Zealand, all speakers of Maori—the indigenous Polynesian language of the island chain—are bilingual in English.
Myths relate the origins of human beings as well as the origins of cultural practices and institutions. There is a considerable body of mythology regarding the origins of tattooing in Polynesian cultures.
Some origin myths describe the process of migration from one island to another via ocean-going canoes. Cultural heroes are important figures in the folklore of Polynesian societies. From what is known of precontact before European contact practices, there was considerable variation in religious ideas and practices throughout Polynesia.
In Hawaii, for instance, chiefs were genealogically related to gods and, as a result, were believed to possess sacred power called mana.In the French possessions like the Marquesas, Bastille Day (July 14) is an important holiday.
(Bastille Day is a French national holiday.
It commemorates the fall of the Bastille, a French fortress formerly used as a prison that was captured by revolutionaries on July 14, ). French Speaking Countries - Map Quiz Game: Almost most people associate French language France, it is actually one of the most widely distributed languages in the world.
French is the official language in 29 countries, stretching from North America, the Caribbean, Africa, and the Pacific Island nations.
The culture of France and of the French people has been shaped by geography, by profound historical events, and by foreign and internal forces and groups. France, and in particular Paris, has played an important role as a centre of high culture since the 17th century and from the 19th century on, worldwide.
From the late 19th century, France has also played an important role in cinema, fashion. Students identify the Equator, North Pole, and South Pole on a map. For this geography lesson, students use a world map and circle the North and South Pole. Students locate the Equator on a globe and use a map marker to highlight it.
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Cultural Landscape: Introduction to Human Geography - 8th edition Language. Case Study: French and Spanish in the United States and Canada. Official Spanish Speaking Nations Spanish Speaking Countries (official) NOTE: Spanish is spoken in many countries, but it is an official language in the following countries below.