Perhaps now more than ever before, job stress poses a threat to the health of workers and, in turn, to the health organizations.
Open in a separate window 3. Discussion This study examined the relationships between work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses.
Of the five stressors contributing to work related stress, staff issues was found to be most associated with burnout as well as job satisfaction. Burnout explained the highest amount of variance in general health of nurses. Existing literature confirms that staff issues including excessive administration, stock control and colleagues not doing their job influences the levels of stress experienced by nurses [ 3240 ].
Staff issues have been reported as one of the most significant stressors among nurses [ 28 ].
In one such study, professional, enrolled and auxiliary nurses reported severe stress due to staff issues [ 32 ]. This can be explained by the overburdened South African health system where nurses may be unable to meet the demands of their job due to poor staff management which may Analysis of work related stress affect morale [ 41 ], lack of resources which may negatively affect patient care [ 29 ] and security issues owing to high levels of crime in the country [ 42 ].
In support of these findings, studies conducted in developed contexts have found staff issues such as poor staff management and resource inadequacy to be associated with emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment [ 43 ].
These issues have been reported in several news articles, including the New York Times [ 44 ] and News24 [ 45 ], however, empirical evidence for this association has been shortcoming, with minimal impact on nursing policies and practices.
Stress related to staff issues and job satisfaction with communication were also found to be associated. Although research has shown that staff issues such as poor staff management and resource inadequacy are associated with job satisfaction [ 43 ], the findings of this study revealed that security risks in the workplace also play a role in influencing job satisfaction among nurses.
Within the South African context, political violence is surpassed by high levels of violent crime. As such feelings of insecurity and fear become predominant. Security risks in the workplace, has also been found to affect general health of nurses [ 4748 ].
This means that nurses experiencing work related stress as a result of staff issues are more likely to feel incapable of enjoying activities and engaging in healthy social behavior.
This prevents adaptational outcomes, such as psychological wellbeing and good somatic health [ 49 ].
This is supported by research showing that poor communication with doctors, negative patient outcomes and mistakes when treating patients are all associated with mental health problems [ 14 ]. Burnout emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction with communication demonstrate a negative relationship in this study.
Limited research shows that opportunities for communication about stress provoking issues provides a buffer for emotional exhaustion, which results when coping resources become depleted [ 3 ].
Based on the findings of this study, stress related to staff issues is associated with burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses. The major staff issues identified in this study include poor staff management, resource inadequacy and security risks in the work place. Poor staff management therefore diminishes the staff morale, which leads to feelings of depersonalization burnout as well as job dissatisfaction [ 51 ].
Moreover, lack of resources invokes feelings of insecurity about obtaining and maintaining resources necessary for meeting job demands, thereby triggering stress, which manifests in burnout [ 40 ]. Lack of essential resources, such as treatment equipment, medication and examination facilities, compromises patient care and negatively affects job satisfaction [ 5 ].
In the context of South Africa, security risks in the workplace involve situations of violence and crime, whereby nurses are exposed to dangerous situations on their way to work and while at work [ 52 ]. This prompts stressful responses, which eventually leads to burnout.Preliminary assessment: analysis of objective risk indicators related to work-related stress, under three headings: (1) sentinel events; (2) work content factors; (3) work context factors.
At this stage, OSH professionals can use checklists, calling on some employees and their representatives. 3 Concepts of Stress Analysis W, done by the external forces.
From introductory mechanics, the mechanical work, W, done by a force is the scalar dot. Apr 15, · A meta-analysis of 79 studies reporting cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between physical symptoms and various occupational stressors was conducted.
Stressors were organizational constraints, interpersonal conflict, role conflict, role . Published: Mon, 5 Dec The word ‘stress’ is in itself extremely wide and far reaching, in this respect the specific focus of this literature review will concentrate on work related stress.
Stress management programs teach workers about the nature and sources of stress, the effects of stress on health, and personal skills to reduce stress-for example, time management or relaxation exercises. Jan 12, · With grave impact on work productivity, patient care, staff attrition and turnover rates, a better understanding of existing relationships between work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses is required.