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What is a fairy tale and whence did it come, and how are we to find its beginning? Having found it, how are we to follow it down through the ages?
How shall it be classed, what are the available types which seek to include it and show its nature? And lastly, what are the books which are to be the main practical sources of fairy tales for Canterbury tales theme teacher of little children?
The remaining pages attempt to give Some help to the teacher who wishes to increase her Canterbury tales theme with an intelligent knowledge of the material she is handling. Many times the question, "What is a fairy tale?
A legend is a fairy tale told to men when men were sane. The Myth proper and the Fable are both excluded here, while the pourquois tale, a myth development, and the Beast tale, a short-story fable development, are both included. The origin of the word "fairy," as given by Thomas Keightley in Canterbury tales theme Fairy Mythology, and later in the Appendix of his Tales and Popular Fictions, is the Latin fatum, "to enchant.
The various forms of the root were: In old French romance, fee was a "woman skilled in magic. The word "fairy" was used in four senses. The word was used in the fourth sense before the time of Chaucer.
Fairies were identified with nymphs and elves. But the tales are older than their name. The origin of fairy tales is a question which has kept many very able scholars busy and which has not yet been settled to the satisfaction of many.
What has been discovered resolves itself mainly into four different origins of fairy tales: Fairy tales are detritus of myth, surviving echoes of gods and heroes Against this theory it may be said that, when popular tales have incidents similar to Greek heroic myths, the tales are not detritus of myth, but both have a more ancient tale as their original source.
A local and historical character was given by the introduction of known places and native heroes.
Tone and manners were refined by literary workmanship, in the Rig Veda, the Persian King-book, the Homeric Epics, ctc. The Grimms noted that the evolution of the tale was from a strongly marked, even ugly, but highly expressive form of its earlier stages, to that which possessed external beauty of mold.
The origin is in the fancy of a primitive people, the survival is through Marchen of peasantry, and the transfiguration into epics is by literary artists.
This was the opinion held by Lang, who said, "For the roots of stories, we must look, not in the clouds but upon the earth, not in the various aspects of nature but in the daily occurrences and surroundings, in the current opinions and ideas of savage life.
Savage existence is based on two great institutions: There was the belief in human descent from animals and kinship and personal intercourse with them. The leading ideas of savage peoples have already been referred to in the list of motifs which appear-in the different fairy tales, as given by Lang, mentioned under the "Preparation of the Teacher," in The Telling of the Tale.
Fairy tales are myths of Sun, Dawn, Thunder, Rain, etc. They were the poetic fancies of light and dark, cloud and rain, day and night; and underneath them were the same fanciful meanings.
These became changed by time, circumstances in different countries, and the fancy of the tellers, so that they became sunny and many-colored in the South, sterner and wilder in the North, and more home-like in the Middle and West.
To the Bushmen the wind was a bird, and to the Egyptian fire was a living beast. Even The Song of Six-Pence has been explained as a nature-myth, the pie being the earth and sky, the birds the twenty-four hours, the king the sun, the queen the moon, and the opening of the pie, daybreak. Every word or phrase became a new story as soon as the first meaning of the original name was lost.
Andrew Lang tells how Kephalos the sun loved Prokris the dew, and slew her by his arrows. Then when the first meaning of the names for sun, dew, and rays was lost, Kephalos, a shepherd, loved Prokris, a nymph, and we have a second tale which, by a folk-etymology, became the Story of Apollo, the Wolf.
Tales were told of the sun under his frog name; later people forgot that frog meant "sun," and the result was the popular tale, A Frog, He Would A-Wooing Go. In regard to this theory, "It is well to remember," says Tylor in his Primitive Culture, "that rash inferences which, on the strength of mere resemblances, derive episodes of myth from episodes of nature, must be regarded with utter distrust; for the student who has no more stringent criterion than this for his myths of sun and sky and dawn will find them wherever it pleases him to seek them.
But all scholars agree that some tales are evidently myths of sun and dawn. If we examine the natural history of savages, we do find summer feasts, winter feasts, rituals of sorrow for the going of summer and of rejoicing for its return, anxious interest in the sun, interest in the motion of the heavenly bodies, the custom of naming men and women from the phenomena of nature, and interest in making love, making war, making fun, and making dinner.
Fairy tales all arose in India, they are part of the common Aryan heritage and are to be traced by the remains of their language They were first written in the Vedas, the sacred Sanskrit books of Buddhism.
This theory is somewhat allied to the Sun-Myth Theory. The theory of a common source in India will not answer entirely for the origin of tales because many similar tales have existed in non-Aryan countries.
Old tales were current in Egypt, B. The idea of connecting a number of disconnected stories, as we find in Arabian Nights, The Canterbury Tales, and the Decameron, is traced to the idea of making Buddha the central figure in the folk-literature of India.
And Jacobs says that at least one-third of all the stories common to the children of Europe are derived from India, and by far the majority of the drolls. He also says that generally, so far as incidents are marvelous and of true fairy-like character, India is the probable source, because of the vitality of animism and transformation in India in all time.Name definition, a word or a combination of words by which a person, place, or thing, a body or class, or any object of thought is designated, called, or known.
See more. The Canterbury Tales is the last of Geoffrey Chaucer's works, and he only finished 24 of an initially planned tales. The Canterbury Tales study guide contains a biography of Geoffrey Chaucer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
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LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Canterbury Tales, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
The frame narrative of the Tales itself is religious: everybody is on pilgrimage to Canterbury. Canterbury West Gate Towers, standing not much before the primary entryway to the sanctuary and have seen days since the 16th century is England’s finest medieval urbanagricultureinitiative.com is elaborately repainted and provides one a concept of just how vivid the city needs to have been way back when..
The basilica has been modified and has changed over the centuries and therefore stands for numerous. Tales of the Knights, contain collection of popular stories of the Arthurian romances.
They includes the tales of Sir Erec (Gereint), Sir Yvain (Owain) and Sir Gareth.