Essays on australian federation

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Essays on australian federation

Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open. We were too tired to talk much. We just sprawled about exhaustedly, with home-made cigarettes sticking out of our scrubby faces. Overhead the chestnut branches were covered with blossom, and beyond that great woolly clouds floated almost motionless in a clear sky.

Littered on the grass, we seemed dingy, urban riff-raff. We defiled the scene, like sardine-tins and paper bags on the seashore. What talk there was ran on the Tramp Major of this spike. He was a devil, everyone agreed, a tartar, a tyrant, a bawling, blasphemous, uncharitable dog.

When You, came to be searched, he fair held you upside down and shook you. If you were caught with tobacco there was bell to. Pay, and if you went in with money which is against the law God help you.

I had eightpence on me. Then we set about smuggling our matches and tobacco, for it is forbidden to take these into nearly all spikes, and one is supposed to surrender them at the gate.

We hid them in our socks, except for the twenty or so per cent who had no socks, and had to carry the tobacco in their boots, even under their very toes.

We stuffed our ankles with contraband until anyone seeing us might have imagined an outbreak of elephantiasis.

Essays on australian federation

But is an unwritten law that even the sternest Tramp Majors do not search below the knee, and in the end only one man was caught.

This was Scotty, a little hairy tramp with a bastard accent sired by cockney out of Glasgow. His tin of cigarette ends fell out of his sock at the wrong moment, and was impounded.

At six, the gates swung open and we shuffled in. An official at the gate entered our names and other particulars in the register and took our bundles away from us.

The woman was sent off to the workhouse, and we others into the spike. It was a gloomy, chilly, limewashed place, consisting only of a bathroom and dining-room and about a hundred narrow stone cells. The terrible Tramp Major met us at the door and herded us into the bathroom to be stripped and searched.

He was a gruff, soldierly man of forty, who gave the tramps no more ceremony than sheep at the dipping-pond, shoving them this way and that and shouting oaths in their faces.

But when he came to myself, he looked hard at me, and said: He gave me another long look. It was a disgusting sight, that bathroom. All the indecent secrets of our underwear were exposed; the grime, the rents and patches, the bits of string doing duty for buttons, the layers upon layers of fragmentary garments, some of them mere collections of holes, held together by dirt.

The room became a press of steaming nudity, the sweaty odours of the tramps competing with the sickly, sub-faecal stench native to the spike. Each of us had three minutes in which to bathe himself.

Six greasy, slippery roller towels had to serve for the lot of us. When we had bathed our own clothes were taken away from us, and we were dressed in the workhouse shirts, grey cotton things like nightshirts, reaching to the middle of the thigh.

Then we were sent into the dining-room, where supper was set out on the deal tables.

It was the invariable spike meal, always the same, whether breakfast, dinner or supper—half a pound of bread, a bit of margarine, and a pint of so-called tea.

It took us five minutes to gulp down the cheap, noxious food. Then the Tramp Major served us with three cotton blankets each, and drove us off to our cells for the night.Melbourne University Publishing produces books that contribute to the conversation about Australia's political and cultural landscape.

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Australian Trade Practices Law Reporter, CCH. Bob Baxt, Bob's Best: A Collection of Essays by Bob Baxt (Wolters Kluwer, November ) Maureen Brunt, Economic Essays on Australian and New Zealand Competition Law, Kluwer Law International, The Hague () Donald and Heydon, Trade Practices Law (volumes 1 and 2), (LBC, ) Frances Hanks and Philip Williams (eds), Trade .

Anthrax and Australian Veterinary Emergency Essay. biblical times and has been found in Australia for about one hundred and fifty years. It is believed that it was introduced to Australia from India and other adjacent countries in shipments of contaminated fertilizer (Slide 9) (Victorian Farmers Federation, ).

Federation is the joining of states to become one nation. The Australian government first considered federation in when premier Henry Parkes convinced other premiers to discuss federation in the Australasian Federation Convention. Philosophy of History.

Miranda O Wonder! How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world That has such people in't! Kangaroos, in full colour, including essays and proofs, revised with new discoveries, and further research on the plate varieties with new plate positions identified, and new varieties added.

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