Handwriting analysts had no problem determining that all of the ransom notes were written by the same person. But pre-existing exemplars from the main suspect, Richard Bruno Hauptmann, were scarce, so the police had to get samples from Hauptmann in the police station by way of dictation. From those requested exemplars, handwriting analysts determined a match. He was also told how to write, and he was shown a ransom note and told to copy the handwriting as best he could, to name just a few of the major no-nos.
This is mainly because as a group predominantly made up of educationalists and therapists we tend to be more focused on young people's handwriting and how we can support and improve this, rather than possible interpretations of what their handwriting could reveal about their personality.
Put simply, Frits Cohen's work as a freelance Forensic Handwriting Analyst involves examining samples of handwriting in order to provide information for his clients who include the police, lawyers and banks. A lot of his work involves criminal investigation of fraud, for example Frits was recently asked to give evidence in a case where a carer was accused of extorting money handwriting analysis examples results an elderly lady.
Using methods involving in-depth handwriting analysis he was able to support the defendant in his claim that he had signed cheques with his employer's permission.
In this short piece Frits explains some aspects of modern graphology in order to give some background to his work.
Modern Graphology Modern graphology features in a multitude of disciplines and is as far removed from the era of the quill pen in terms of communication as the aeroplane is from the horse and cart in modern transportation. The word Graphology is derived from the Greek "graphein" meaning to write and "logos" meaning to study or reason.
Baxter reasoned that if taken in its broadest sense, the term graphology "correctly describes the activities of many who would vehemently deny that they are Graphologists, but as such they may be correctly described".
There are three main branches of modern graphology and in reality practitioners tend to fit into one particular branch with there being little cross over in each field.
The three aspects of modern Graphology are described in more detail below. Script-psychology This usually involves the interpretation of handwriting by a skilled script analyst with psychological know-how and experience.
This is commonly what is understood by Graphology in the eyes of the general public, the popular perception being that of a portrait in writing with in-depth consideration of character and personality.
However this branch of graphology when used in a professional capacity can be an empirical diagnostic appraisal used for career guidance and occupational purposes.
It can also be used in behavioural profiling, risk assessment, counselling and consultancy. In this context analysis is based on theories to explain the cause of writing behaviour, trajectory and use of space.
Frits has produced a book, 'Handwriting Analysis at Work' that explains this process in more detail and this is available free of charge to HIG members read on to find out more!
Interpretations are attached to the way handwriting is done. In my opinion scientifically this is the most intriguing, demanding and neglected area. There is a big difference between professional analysts with great ability and those who lack the basic ingredients of scientific methodology, experience and perception.
Personality is a complicated subject, which is difficult to define and further research is needed in both graphology and psychology in order to refine this field. Forensic comparison This commonly involves handwriting comparison, examination and identification in a legal context, usually involving the analysis of disputed documentation and signature examination by an expert who groups similarities and dissimilarities.
Writing construction, proportion and shape are important elements of the analysis. This and wider aspects of authentication, fraud and disguise are uncovered and researched with verifiable methods and modern scientific equipment.
However, analysis in this area is not an exact science. Conclusions are based on facts, weighed for significance by the expert and leading to his or her opinion.
In civil cases an expert's duty is to provide written reports and giving evidence is to help the courts. This duty overrides any obligation to the party who has engaged him or her.Partial results of handwriting analysis in Lindbergh kidnapping case Photo courtesy FBI Analyzing handwriting is a long, careful process that takes a lot of time and, under ideal circumstances, a lot of comparison samples, or exemplars - .
Analyze Your Handwriting, by John Cowens. The activity below provides a general introduction to the analysis of handwriting. Classification, human behavior and communication activities are provided for analyzing handwriting and revealing something new about your students.
If nothing else, examining handwriting can develop analysis . Handwriting Insights is a high quality deck of 64 connected, illustrated cards that teaches you handwriting analysis as you use it. Analyze handwriting in 5 minutes.
Results are worded constructively so people feel good about what you have to say. Mar 19, · To learn graphology, or how to analyze handwriting, look at the pressure of the stroke.
High pressure means high emotional energy, average pressure means a calm but anchored person, and light pressure could mean the person is an introvert%(79). The Assessment of Graphology, E. A. Rundquist.
Two threads of argument run through the foregoing article on handwriting analysis. The first asserts the great need for research studies because "a proper test run has never been devised and carried out, at least not in the United States, to determine whether any graphologist can consistently deliver accurate results .
Handwriting Analysis Chart: Handwriting Analysis Traits Graphology is the study of human personality through writing. Is a projective personality test, that let you know temperament, genetic factors that lead our behaviours, biological basis, character.