Analysis of the Gorgias This dialogue can be seen as Plato's defense of the life of Socrates. This life is placed in sharp contrast with the life of the tyrant Archelaus who, while living a "bad" life, appeared to many to also live a successful and happy life. The argument is developed out of the seemingly innocuous topic of Rhetoric. The full text of the Gorgias can be found at the ILTclassics site.
Crito is overwhelmed with emotion with the impending loss of his friend, and is attempting to passionately convince Socrates to run away and avoid his sentence set upon him by the court. Crito presents many arguments that would be compelling to most men of his time.
Socrates lays out the principles that he has chosen to live his life by and challenges Crito to convince him to leave after considering these principles. Socrates never directly tells Crito he is wrong, but he asks questions that force Crito to ascertain that he is wrong.
Crito states that people will think ill of him for not convincing Socrates to run away. He says that he will get a bad name if people believe that he was unwilling to spend the money to help Socrates.
Crito follows this up with telling Socrates to not worry about any persecution his friends would be subject to, if caught assisting Socrates in escaping.
Crito believes the risk of helping Socrates is worth the chance to save him. Crito then moves on to tell Socrates that there are other places where Socrates can move to and continue to live a good life.
He tells Socrates that he has friends in Thessaly that can assist Socrates and protect him. Crito then directs his arguments towards what he personally feels is just and unjust. Crito tells Socrates that he is acting unjust by not doing anything to prevent his sentence being carried out, and that he is enabling his oppressors to act unjust.
Crito continues and tells Socrates that he is acting unjust by not considering his children and his responsibility to take care of them. The first principle is that of Rational Reflection. Rational Reflection is a concept that states when dealing with matters of importance, one should always made the same decision, no matter the outcome on them personally.
Socrates believes that in order to be just and fair, he needs to universalize his believes. It would be wrong for him to throw away his principles, because if he followed them he would be in danger.
The principle of Moral Rectitude, Socrates second principle outlined in this work, states that one should not return a wrong for a wrong.
Socrates believes that if he reacts to an unjust action by performing an injustice, he is acting unjust. The last principle outlined in this work, is that of Just Agreements.
Socrates believed that he has a duty to follow agreements that are just, all the time. In the case of agreements that are unjust, Socrates believes you are not bound to honor them.
In some cases, Socratic principles would require him to break the agreements if they are unjust. Socrates uses these three principles to show Crito that his arguments for Socrates running away and not facing his punishment would be unjust, and devalue all that he has worked for and done within his life.
Socrates continues to talk how it is more important to take advice from one qualified person, and not many unqualified people.
Socrates contends, that there is a part of ones being that can be injured by acting in an unjust fashion. Crito agrees that this part of the person is some cases, is more important than the physical self. Crito agrees that a live is not worth living, if lived unjust. Socrates takes this opportunity to address the idea of moving away from Athens, and living elsewhere.
Socrates feels that he has lived his live just, and made just decisions, and he should not stop now, just to save his own life. If he chooses to leave and live elsewhere, his life will not be worth living unjustly.
Socrates believes that he has been treated fairly, and given a fair trial with an opportunity to defend himself. Although he feels the jury made the wrong decision, there is no grounds for him to argue that he has been the victim of an injustice.
Under his principles, breaking any agreements he has would be unjust, due to the fact that the agreements are just.
Socrates also analyses his agreements with Athens, and determines that Athens has held up its part of the deal justly.
Athens has provided for him, educated, protected, and fed him fairly. Therefore he is bound by his just agreement, to follow the laws. Socrates argues that by leaving prison by escape, or paying someone off to release him, would be an unjust action.
He feels that an unjust action against the State, would do more harm to himself and the State, than any good that could come of it. Leaving and breaking the law, would in fact make him guilty of the charges set against him.Below is an essay on "Socrates & Sophists" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
In Gorgias by Plato, Socrates' beloved craft of philosophy comes into conflict with the art of oratory, used by the Sophists Gorgias, Polus, and Callicles.
To assess the argument between himself and Polus, Socrates begins the conversation that is located in Gorgias from pages e to e by asking Polus if tyrannical rule is in fact good by definition.4/4(2).
Corey therefore distinguishes sophists (Protagoras, Prodicus, Hippias, Euthydemus, and Dionysodorus) from rhetoricians (Thrasymachus, Gorgias, Polus, and Callicles), a distinction that has not been previously made by scholars and further contributes to our .
Papers: Plato uses the allegory of the Cave to illustrate the process of education. Explain how the different stages of the ascent out of the Cave relate to the segments of the divided Line (ce).
How does Socrates object to Polus' position (and eventually get Polus to recant his position)? Evaluate. On what grounds does Socrates.
Knack vs Craft in Gorgias. FOR ONLY $/PAGE. Order Now. In the book Gorgias Socrates finds himself in an argument with Polus and Gorgias about whether oratory is a knack or a craft. Socrates’ opinion is that oratory is not a craft but rather a knack.
When looking at the distinction between a knack and a craft it is commonly agreed upon. Polus and Callicles vs. Socrates on ethics and politics, utilizing the distinction between physis (nature) and nomos (law/convention) and ideas of justice, honor, and happiness.
Explain their contrasting conceptions of eudaimonia (happiness, fulfillment), justice, pleasure and the good.