What happened on 6 August ? In the hold was an experimental bomb, codenamed Little Boy. In Hiroshima the air raid sirens had sounded twice that morning already. On both occasions the all clear followed swiftly.
In light of President Obama's visit to Hiroshima, I've re-published this post from last week.
|Report Abuse||Japan was essentially defeated by Juneand the war was essentially over by July|
|Pagination||A temple destroyed by the bombing of Nagasaki.|
The answer is yes to all three. In the first Gallup poll from just after the bombings, a huge 85 percent of Americans approved the bombings. However, figures from show a significant decline to 57 percent. Meanwhile, another poll conducted by the Detroit Free Press in the United States and Japan in found that 63 percent of Americans thought that the bombings were justified in a bid to end the war, while just 29 percent of Japanese did.
When Pew followed up on that question inthey found that the numbers of people who thought the bombings were justified had dropped in both America and Japan — to 56 percent among Americans and just 14 percent among Japanese. The total percentage of people who thought the bombings were unjustified stood at 79 percent in Japan, up from 64 percent in In America, those who thought they were unjustified rose to 34 percent, from 29 percent in Just 47 percent of Americans 18 to 29 years old said the use of atomic weapons was justified when asked last year, compared to 70 percent of those 65 or older.
Granted, the majority of Americans still approve of the bombings and think it was justified. It also incorporated the same forecast of Japanese forces six combat divisions, two depot divisions,men that had been presented in intelligence estimates going back to mid In response to the presidential request for casualty estimates, the Joint War Plans Committee report laid down strong caveats on uncertainty and emphasized that the level of opposition and the time required to complete the operation could result in major variations.
The report then offered the following figures as an "educated guess" The JWPC assessment did not give a specific breakdown for each area individually, but a nominal breakdown can be derived by comparing the component figures given for each scenario.
For example, the differences between the second and third scenarios for total casualties and numbers killed are 87, and 21, respectively. The operational difference between these two scenarios is the inclusion or absence of an attack on the Tokyo Plain. Thus, an interpretation could be made that the estimated casualty total for the attack on the Tokyo Plain was 87, including 21, killed.
Subtracting these figures from the first scenario would yield figures for southern Kyushu oftotal casualties and 19, killed, and a similar calculation shows 26, total casualties and 6, killed for northwestern Kyushu. Kyushu was initially expected to be garrisoned by Japanese ground combat forces roughly three-and-one-half times the size of the forces on Okinawa.
The initial estimates by the Joint War Plans Committee and MacArthur's staff of casualties that would be incurred in capturing southern Kyushu , were a little more than twice the Okinawa total.
By the first week in August, the estimated total of Japanese Army and naval ground combat troops on Kyushu was more than six times what it had been on Okinawa.
Intercepted communications had been showing Japanese preparations to employ the same kinds of suicide attacks and other unconventional tactics and devices that had caused so many casualties in the Okinawa operation.
The number of US Army and Marine troops to be committed in the landing was about three times the force that had been launched against Okinawa. These figures are insanely high, and the Japanese were ready to fight to the death if Operation Downfall went into effect before President Harry Truman decided to use atomic weapons.
It was the right thing to do. It was the moral thing to do. This includes Japanese civilians who were instantly killed by the bombs and the radiation fallout that ensued.
Prolonging this theater of carnage would be immoral. Losing overfor an island that was to be used as a staging ground for the main island assault is ridiculously high.
Is it because the two bombs were atomic? For months prior to the atomic bombings, Americans were bombing whole slates of Japanese cities, destroying at least 25 percent of its urban areas.
In some instances, whole cities would be bombed back to the Stone Age. In one night, the United States killed overcivilians when we firebombed Tokyo in March of The late former Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara gave a good counterpoint to the atomic bombings when he doled out how much of each Japanese city was destroyed by American airpower in the documentary The Fog Of War.
He was trying to explain how proportionality should be a guideline in war. In fact, they were horrible. Nevertheless, they surrendered, and countless lives were saved.Why did the United States drop two atomic bombs on Japan in World War II? Update Cancel.
The bombs were dropped for only one reason, to save American lives. The discussions all point to the reason was to end the war and save American lives. Nagasaki and Hiroshima were bombed for tactical reasons.
Watch video · President Obama’s visit to Hiroshima, nearly 71 years after it was destroyed by the first atomic bomb, inevitably raises once again the questions of why the United States dropped that bomb.
Why didn't the Japanese develop a deep-seated hatred against Americans after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki? What made the US decide to drop atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki instead of More people died in the firebombing of Tokyo than the atom bombing of Hiroshima.
(Though, the atomic bombs were far more deadly. This month marks the 70th anniversary of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. And with each passing year the historical record is ever clearer that dropping the A-bombs was unnecessary. Japan was forced to surrender because of the atomic bomb raids on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which cost lives in order to save many more.
Americans, had been hit. Atomic bombs were a more. Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On 6th August , an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima by US air forces.
This was the first time a nuclear weapon had ever been used; the fireball created by the bomb destroyed 13 square kilometres of the city, and those dead as a result numbered up to ,