It merged various styles of plays from all over Europe.
Enjoy the Famous Daily Greek theatre: His female devotees, in particular, dance themselves into a state of frenzy. Carrying long phallic symbols, known as thyrsoi, they tear to pieces and devour the raw flesh of sacrificial animals.
But the Dionysians also develop a more structured form of drama. They dance and sing, in choral form, the stories of Greek myth. In the 6th century BC a priest of Dionysus, by the name of Thespis, introduces a new element which can validly be seen as the birth of theatre.
He engages in a dialogue with the chorus. He becomes, in effect, the first actor. Actors in the west, ever since, have been proud to call themselves Thespians. According to a Greek chronicle of the 3rd century BC, Thespis is also the first winner of a theatrical award.
He takes the prize in the first competition for tragedy, held in Athens in BC. Theatrical contests become a regular feature of the annual festival in honour of Dionysus, held over four days each spring and known as the City Dionysia.
Four authors are chosen to compete. Each must write three tragedies and one satyr play a lascivious farce, featuring the sexually rampant satyrs, half-man and half-animal, who form the retinue of Dionysus.
The performance of the plays by each author takes a full day, in front of a large number of citizens in holiday mood, seated on the slope of an Athenian hillside.
The main feature of the stage is a circular space on which the chorus dance and sing.
Behind it a temporary wooden structure makes possible a suggestion of scenery. At the end of the festival a winner is chosen. The earliest is the heavyweight of the trio, Aeschylus. Aeschylus adds a second actor, increasing the potential for drama.
He first wins the prize for tragedy in BC. He is known to have written about eighty plays, of which only seven survive. Sophocles gains his first victory in BC, defeating Aeschylus. He is credited with adding a third actor, further extending the dramatic possibilities of a scene.
Whereas Aeschylus tends to deal with great public themes, the tragic dilemmas in Sophocles are worked out at a more personal level. Plots become more complex, characterization more subtle, and the personal interaction between characters more central to the drama.
Although Sophocles in a very long life writes more plays than Aeschylus perhaps aboutagain only seven survive intact. Of these Oedipus the King is generally considered to be his masterpiece. The youngest of the three great Greek tragedians is Euripides. More of his plays survive 19 as opposed to 7 for each of the othersbut he has fewer victories than his rivals in the City Dionysia - in which he first competes in BC.
Euripides introduces a more unconventional view of Greek myth, seeing it from new angles or viewing mythological characters in terms of their human frailties. His vision is extremely influential in later schools of tragic drama.
The beginning of Greek comedy: Like the first three tragedians, he launches the genre with great brilliance. He is Aristophanes, a frequent winner of the first prize in the Lenaea on the first occasion, in BC, with the Acharnians.
Eleven of his plays survive, out of a total of perhaps forty spanning approximately the period BC. They rely mainly on a device which becomes central to the tradition of comedy.
They satirize contemporary foibles by placing them in an unexpected context, whether by means of a fantastic plot or through the antics of ridiculous characters. A good example is The Frogs, a literary satire at the expense of Euripides.
After the death of the great man, Dionysus goes down to Hades to bring back his favourite tragedian. A competition held down there enables Aristophanes to parody the style of Euripides. As a result Dionysus comes back to earth with Aeschylus instead.
In The Wasps the Athenian love of litigation is ridiculed in the form of an old man who sets up a law court in his home, to try his dog for stealing cheese. In Lysistrata the horrors of war are discussed in a circumstance of extreme social crisis; the women of Greece refuse to make love until their men agree to make peace.
The masterpieces of Greek drama date from the 5th century BC.First, the Protestant Reformation targeted the theatre, especially in England, in an effort to stamp out allegiance to Rome.
In Wakefield, for example, the local mystery cycle text shows signs of Protestant editing, with references to the pope crossed out and two .
Free Essay: Elizabethan Theatre “In roughly built playhouses and cobblestone inn yards, an extraordinary development took place in England in the s.”. England, Scotland, and Wales were united as Great Britain by the Act of Union.
The period is one of increasing commercial prosperity and global trade for Britain. Literacy expanded to include the middle classes and even some of the poor. Research paper to be submitted, 29 November. The beginning of the Reformation in England. Witchcraft in the Sixteenth Century and Seventeenth Century England.
The regulation of theaters in early modern England.
English attitudes to foreigners in early modern England. A movie theater (American English), cinema (British English) or cinema hall (Indian English) is a building that contains an auditorium for viewing films (also called movies) for entertainment.
Most, but not all, theaters are commercial operations catering to the general public, who attend by purchasing a ticket. Some movie theaters, however, are operated by non-profit organizations or. Well into the midth century, American theaters continued to be strongly influenced by London theater.
Many actors and actresses of this period were born and got their professional start in England.