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Maria Montessori Italian educator and physician. Montessori developed a revolutionary method of early childhood education that continues to influence many school programs around the world.
The first woman in Italy to earn a medical degree, Montessori was a practicing physician working with developmentally disabled children when she discovered that these children were educable—a discovery that was in direct contrast to the prevailing notion that mentally retarded children should be confined to institutions for life.
A well-known pacifist, Montessori believed that a link existed between world peace and proper childhood education and regularly addressed international organizations on the subject. Her work in this area led to nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize in, and The first woman ever admitted to the school of medicine at the University of Rome, in Montessori became the first woman in Italy to graduate with a medical degree.
She practiced medicine from toat the same time lecturing regularly at the Regio istituto superiore di Magistero Femminile, the Scuola magistrale Ortofrenica, and the University of Rome. She also began to treat mentally retarded children. She soon came to believe that, with proper instruction, they could be successfully educated according to their individual abilities, rather than spending their entire lives committed to mental institutions, as was the standard of the time.
As she further developed her theories, Montessori decided to test her method on nondisabled children. Montessori societies arose, and Montessori herself led congresses throughout Europe, India, and the United States to teach her method.
Already an internationally respected figure, Montessori earned further acclaim in the s, when she began to address organizations such as the League of Nations, the International Peace Congress, the World Fellowship of Faiths, and UNESCO about the connection between education that focused on individual social and psychological needs and the development of a society based on peace and justice.
For her work in the peace movement, Montessori was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three times. She died in the Netherlands inwhile at a conference teaching her method. Accordingly, Montessori advocated classrooms with child-sized furniture and teachers who provided the basic tools for learning and little discipline, with the goal of encouraging children to be self-guiding and self-disciplined.
In and Montessori published the two volume The Advanced Montessori Method, based on her further research into the subject. The Secret of Childhood is a practical guidebook to understanding the educational needs of children aimed primarily at parents. La mente del bambino The Absorbent Mind; is a collection of lectures Montessori delivered at a conference in Ahmedabad, India, exploring her theory that children move through certain periods where they are particularly open to learning certain things.
Critical Reception By the time she published The Montessori Method, Montessori had become a revered figure in the field of education, and her theories are still employed at Montessori schools around the world. She was not, however, without detractors. On her first visit to the United States inshe was very well received.
But interest in her method diminished after a few years and was not revived until the s. Some critics speculate that, in the United States, Montessori and her ideas fell victim to the then-popular eugenics movement, which held that certain qualities such as mental illness and criminality were dependent on genetic rather than environmental factors, and that undesirable traits were far more common in certain ethnic groups, particularly southern Europeans.
As an Italian—and an unmarried professional woman with a child—Montessori, commentators charge, may have appeared to pose a threat to the established belief that most women, immigrants, and especially the disabled could not and should not be educated.
But as attitudes evolved, the Montessori method was increasingly adopted in the United States, and, although debate over its efficacy continues, it is widely considered a valid and successful educational theory.Choose NAMC’s Montessori teacher training programs for the convenience of distance.
The Montessori Method of education, developed by Dr. Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood.
Dr. Montessori’s Method has been time tested, with over years of success in diverse cultures throughout the world. The Montessori Method and Modern Child Essay Sample.
In approximately words for each topic, summarize Dr Montessori’s approach and discuss how Montessori’s views on these topics are regarded in child development texts today. The Montessori Method of education, developed by Dr.
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Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood. Dr. Montessori’s Method has been time tested, with over years of success in diverse cultures throughout the world.
Essay about The Montessori Method _auto-education_ (the natural way children learn) gained world attention because of its spectacular results. The Montessori Method is based on the idea that every child has a natural way of learning.
If encouraged and nurtured, the child will flourish and become an educated person: "Supposing I.
The Montessori Method Essay Sample. When Dr. Maria Montessori became the director of a school for mentally-handicapped children, she exposed them to an environment that was highly conducive to learning.